The flipped classroom essentially reverses traditional teaching. Instead of teachers talking at students at the front of the room, the learning material is delivered online and consumed by students at home. Whilst classroom time is reserved for ‘homework’, assignments and more hands-on class projects.
The idea is that students absorb the basics of a topic at home, and come to class to strengthen that knowledge by putting it into practice.
Flipped learning not only makes students active participants in the learning process, but also active investigators as they find online resources to share with their peers.
There are 7 different models of flipped classrooms that give us insight into how these classroom operates on a day to day basis.
Students watch videos, podcasts or screen casts made by their teacher as ‘homework’. The next day, students come to class to strengthen that knowledge by putting it into practice through a series of tasks. While the teacher has more time to devote to working with students one-on-one.
The teacher assigns specific lecture videos & readings relating to that day’s topic for students to watch at home and take notes for homework. During class time, the lesson is heavily focused around teacher guided discussion that unpacks and explores the ideas and questions students have.
Teachers create demonstration videos using screen recording software which can be shown during class – especially helpful for chemistry, physics & math. This allows students to rewind, re-watch and work at their own pace without the teacher having to give multiple sets of instructions.
The videos are played during class time and students take notes. This method often works for younger students who don’t yet have homework assigned to them or their teacher is away.
Students watch the videos and take notes for homework as usual. However, during class time, they form learning groups to work together on assessment tasks relevant to the recent video. This format encourages students to not only learn from each other, but also to work together.
All learning material from instruction, resources, quizzes and assessment is undertaken completely online through LMS. Some colleges, universities and distance education programs operate by sharing lecture videos and readings as well as assigning and collecting work via these online systems.
Students create videos themselves to peer teach and even ‘teach the teacher’. These videos practice role play activities, group presentations or simple demonstrations to help their fellow classmates learn
When the teacher and whiteboard are no longer the primary focal point of the classroom, the space can become more flexible and easily adaptable to suite learning activities. With flipped learning, all the instruction and content delivery is consumed at home, leaving more free time in class for hands on activities.
It’s all about providing a mixture of soft seating, agile desking and modular pieces to give students all the fixtures they need to rearrange the space according to how they learn best. Some students will prefer lounging with a laptop and working alone. Some will prefer turning the tables around to form small groups.
–Results from a survey conducted in a flipped Chemistry class revealed that 81% of students found the flipped approach “more useful and/or enlightening”
–At a university of Manchester 74% of 2nd year students & 85% of 4th year students believe “flipped teaching is better than the traditional lecture-based method”
-90% of students consistently watched the screencasts before class.
–Teachers saw a 32% increase in test scores